Wednesday, January 26, 2011

Tamilnadu cattle Breeds



 Dedicated to our primeval cowherd Palani Avinankudi Dandapani


 The Tamil speaking country consists of five socio - climatic - agricultural zones. The Sangam text Purananuru refers to this as the "five Tamil countries". Each country has its own breeds suited to the ecosystems and even micro ecology of the respective areas. All breeds thrive in local conditions and invariably deteriorate in alien environments.

Chera or Konga: 
North: The Nilagiris - Terakanambi - Talamalai - Biligiri rangan mountains - Perumbalai (northern mountain chain)

East: Yercaud - Kollimalai mountains - Mayanur madukkarai great wall - Sirumalai mountains

West: The Nilagiris - Vellingiri hills - Walayar - Anaiamalai mountains

South: Anaimalai mountains - Kodaikkanal mountains - Sirumalai mountains


Breeds of the Chera country:
1. Mee Konga (Mekattu madu or nowadays "Kangayam"  मी कोङ्ग, मॆकाट्टुमाडु, काङ्गयम, गङ्गनाड ): The Chera country is also called Konga country therefore referred in Tamil as "Konga" cattle and "Ganganad" in Kannada. There are 24 divisions in this country. The cattle from one of the divisions "Kangayanadu" are referred as the typical Kangayam cattle. Mae Konga cattle are bred in the modern taluks of Kangayam, Dharapuram, Tiruppur, Udumalpet, Avinasi, Palladam (all in Tiruppur dt.), Palani, Oddanchatram, Vedasandur, Dindigul (all in Dindigul dt.), Aravakurichchi, Karur (Karur dt.), Coimbatore, Mettupalayam, Sulur, Pollachi (all in Coimbatore dt.), Erode, Bhavani, Perundurai, Gobichettipalayam, Sathyamangalam (all in Erode dt.), the right bank side of the Kaveri in Mettur tk. in Salem dt., the panchayats of Mayanur, Balarajapuram, Manavasi, Renganathapuram in Krishnarayapuram tk. of Karur dt. summing up as the region to the west and south of the Kaveri until Mayanur. Bred by the Konga Vellala community. It is said to have come with the Konga Vellalas from the Gangetic (therefore Konga or Ganga) region in the pre - Sangam age. Official website of Palayakottai Pattagars: http://kangayambull.org/

                      A Mee Konga (Kangayam) bullock

2. Mazha Konga (Kikattu madu or "Tiruchengodu" मऴ कोङ्ग, कीकाट्टु, तिरुच्चेङ्गोडु): Found on the northern and eastern side of the Kaveri in the Taluks of Mecheri, Omalur, Nangavalli, Salem, Sankagiri, Attur, Gangavalli (all in Salem dt.) Rasipuram, Namakkal, Paramatti Velur, Tiruchendgode (all in Namakkal dt.), Kattuputtur (Tiruchirapppalli dt.) and parts of Dharmapuri dt. Bred by the Konga Vellala community. It is said to have come with the Konga Vellalas from the Gangetic (therefore Konga or Ganga) region in the pre - Sangam age. A smaller sized cousin of the Mee Konga breed yet a better milch variety. Bred by the Konga Vellala community. It is said to have come with the Konga Vellalas from the Gangetic (therefore Konga or Ganga) region in the pre - Sangam age. Has reduced greatly in numbers due to illegal smuggling encouraged by the government with slaughter houses and AI with Kangayam bulls. Official website of Palayakottai Pattagars: http://kangayambull.org/







































Mazha Konga (Salem or Tiruchengodu) cows

Description in 'Livestock of South India':


3.  Semmarai (Semmarai, Malayan mor "Bargur" सेम्मरै, मलैयन, बर्गूर): This is found in the mountainous regions of the Bhavani tk. in Erode dt. Has mixed red and white patterns. It has a white coloured cousin in the adjoining western hills. Resembles the Purnaia cattle (Amrut mahal - Hallikar corpus). Trotting variety firey in disposition. Bred by the Lingayat community of the mountainous forests. Linked intricately with them.


                        A Semmarai (Bargur) bull

4. Palamalai (पालमलाई): Bred in the Palamalai hills in the Mettur taluk of the Salem district and adjoining Anthiyur taluk of Erode dt.. Bred by the Malayala Goundans (Native hillsmen) in the hills and some Kongu Vellalans around. Nearly extinct. Confused with Alambadis and Bargurs, they are black in colour with white patterns.

                                                                   A Palamalai bullock

5. Alambadi (आलाम्बाडि): Bred in the hilly forest areas of the upper Kaveri basin Mettur (Salem dt.) Pennagaram, Dharmapuri (both in Dharmapuri dt.) Kollegal, Bangalore rural (both in Karnataka state). Trotting variety known for endurance. Bred by Konga Vellalas, Lingayats, Vanniyars and Vokkaligas of the region.


                      













 An Alambadi bull
  















The black individuals are Alambadi cows

6. Kollimalai - Seravaroyan hill cattle:
Looks like a stunted pygmy version of Konga (Kangayam). Well suited for the tropical evergreen vegetation and malarial life in the Kolli - Yercaud - Pachamalai - Kalvarayan mountain corpus.  Reared by the native Malayali tribesmen.























A large Kolli bully boy wishing us adieu!




Chola country:

North: North Vellar
East: Bay of Bengal
West: the Mayanur Madukkarai great wall
South: South Vellar

Breeds of the Chola country:

7. Vadakarai (Soliya Vadakarai, चोलिया वडकरै): Rounded shaped short variety with small horns. Bred by Choliya Vellalas, Mutturajas and Vanniars of the region. Found in Trichy North Dt (including Srirangam), Perambalur and Ariyalur Dts.





  Mottai (Perambalur) herd


                         

  














8. Konadan ("Manapparai" कॊनाडन, मणप्पारै): Found in the modern taluks of Krishnarayapuram, Kulittalai (both in Karur dt.), Manapparai, Trichy and Tovarankurichchi (all in Trichy dt.), Bred by the Choliya Vellalas of the region and intricately linked with their lifestyle.

            Konadan (Manapparai) cows at work 

9. Mottai cattle (Tanjore polled cattle or "Umbalachery" तञ्जावूर मोट्टै, उम्बलच्चॆरि): Polled horns and firebranded feet mark the cattle. Best suited for the Kaveri delta alluvium. Found in Thanjavur, Tiruvarur and Nagapatnam dts. Choliya Vellalas, Choliya Brahmans and Tanjore Kallars are big breeders.
         Mottai (Umbalachery) stud bull















               





Pandya country:
North: Kodaikkanal mountains - Sirumalai - Piranmalai - North Vellar
East: Sethu (Adam's bridge) and the Bay of Bengal
West: Peruvali - Westen ghats - Dindigul - Karaikkadu
South: Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin) and the Indian Ocean

Breeds of the Pandya country:
10. Irucchali (इरुच्चाळि): Found as herds in the Sivaganga dt. and southern Pudukkottai dt. Nearly extinct.

                             Irucchali herd


11. Jallikattu (Pulikulam or Jellicut पुलिक्कुळम, जल्लिक्कट्टु): Previously found all over Nilakkottai, Nattam (both in Dindigul dt.), Madurai, Teni, Sivagangai and Ramanathapuram dts. now to be found mainly in the Cumbum valley of Teni dt. Used for bull baiting and draught. Predominantly bred by the Konar  communit and part of  its lifestyle. Endangered.
Pulikulam Cattle herd

  
                 
    

  Jallikattu (Pulikulam) stud bulls

Jallikattu (Pulikulam) calves
















12. Thambiran madu (तम्बिरान माडु, दॆवरु आवु): Bred by Kannada speaking Kappiliya Gounders of the Teni dt. Called by them "Devaru Avu". All names meaning the "sacred herd". Intricately linked with the community.


13. Tenpandi (Tirunelveli तेन्पाण्डि, तिरुनेल्वॆलि): Found in the Virudhunagar, Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi districts. Well suited to the area. Bred by the Idayans (Konars),Nadars and Mukkulathors.














 Tenpandi herd




14. Tirunelveli hill breed cattle (तिरुनेल्वॆलि पहाडी गॊ):  They  were grown along the eastern slopes of western ghats in Ancient pandya country. They are used by the local Organic farmers.

Dravida or Tondai country: 

North: Tirupati hills - Suvarnamukhi river
East: Bay of Bengal
West: Mountains west of Krishnagiri
South: Thoppur ghats - South Pennar

Breeds of the Dravida country:

15. Tondainadu (Tiruvannamalai तिरुवण्णामलै,  तोण्डैनाडु): Found in Chittoor (A.P), Velur, Tiruvannamalai, Chengalpattu, Chennai, Vizhuppuram (all in T.N). Has Red, White, Black and mixed colours. Reared by Todai mandala Vellalas and Vanniars.
 






                Tondai (Tiruvannamalai)

Ramana Maharishi's favourite cow - Lakshmi


16. Turinjithalai (तुरिञ्जित्तऴै): Drought resistant variety. Eats only  Albizia amara (Telugu: Thurinji, Tamil: Arappu, Unjal, Usilai, Hindi: Ailaa) leaves and bark. Reared by Telugu Golla herder community. Less than 100 remain.



               Thurinjithalai cattle

17. Punganur (पुङ्गनूर): A miniature variety yet a good milker. Found in the Chitoor dt.












                                                 
                          
                                  

Pungaur bull and cow
 





        Punganur stud bull








Nadunadu: 

North: South Pennar
East: Bay of Bengal
West: Yercaud - Kollimalai range
South: North Vellar

Breeds of the Nadu country:

18. Nattan (नाट्टान): Resembles the Perambalur mottai breed.

 Many more breeds have gone non-descript due to the government system. The government also tries to mongrelise native breeds by crossing other native and alien species for making quick bucks through its infamous 'milk societies'.  More to come.
 
To contact the Author of the article:
PonDheepankar K 
http://www.facebook.com/pongia.nallakumarudayar
Go Vignana Anusudhana Kendram, 
Kongadesam chapter, Erode.
Contact: 91- 424 - 2274700 for suggestions and information.
                                                                         

61 comments:

tulasikrishna said...

It is very informative write up. It encourages me to ask more about Punganur breeding bull. I stay in Secunderabad and own a young Punganur cow. I am however facing lot of problem in getting a good breeding bull of the same breed. Can anybody help me out?

Shanmugam said...

Thank you so much for the info,planning to get Indian cattles for my farm in the future.

Saravanan, Malaysia

indian's blog said...

very nice page im from teni dist i recollected the breeds i watched during childhood:)

Rama said...

Hi TulasiKrishna, I live in Hyderabad trying to get Punganur Cow and Bull. Please let me know so that i would like purchase it.
please email me your contact or email id please. Mine is clitech@rediffmail.com.

mad madrasi said...

Never realised there were / are so many native breeds of cattle within TN.
:-(
Great work.
http://www.madmadrasi.net

vinod kumar said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
PONDHEEPANKAR said...

Tulasikrishna

Go to Palamner farm and get a few semen samples showing ur cows fotos....hope this'll work

Kasturi Nadarajah said...

Dear sir, I'm studying Doctor of Veterinary Medicine(DVM) n I've completed agri sc too. I have an obsession towards cows and I would love to work at farms in india for free. I just wanna gain as much experience as possible. I dont mind woking under whatever condition and i dont expect anthing in return except knowledge.:)If you could suggest a proper dairy farm for me to do some volunteering work together with the guidance of a vet in the famr, it would be really helpful. I have working experience with Dairy Australia too.

DMy contact id would be email: aathmika_jancy9@ymail.com

Kind Regards,
kasturi

ALEXANDER GEORGE said...

Great effort Sir and our salutations please continue the work so that many will turn towards farming soon.
Regards......Alex

rock said...

Sir,
Can you tell me about Karam pasu???and where can get pure breed of that???

rock said...

Sir,
can you tell me about karam pasu and where can get pure breed???

Raja raj said...

Holstein Friesian cattle--what is tamil name for this

Kannan J said...

Sir
i need karm pasu so where avaliable

Kailash Sharma said...

Indian cows and Bull have no comparison, and just because these foreign breeds give a little extra milk, we should not keep them.
The quality of Indian cow milk is the best in the world with numerous benefits. Foreign cow milk is one cause of CANCER. So just dont go by money and save our Native Indian COW BREEDS, encourage other people also to do the same. Its best thing u can do to mankind.

Kailash Sharma said...

Indian cows and Bull have no comparison, and just because these foreign breeds give a little extra milk, we should not keep them.
The quality of Indian cow milk is the best in the world with numerous benefits. Foreign cow milk is one cause of CANCER. So just dont go by money and save our Native Indian COW BREEDS, encourage other people also to do the same. Its best thing u can do to mankind.

RAM KUMAR said...

good deed. nice work. congrats!

RAM KUMAR said...

GOOD DEED. NICE WORK. CONGRATS!

RAM KUMAR said...

GOOD DEED. NICE WORK. CONGRATS!

sathiya narayanan K said...

Dear saravanan,

Can u share more details and of your proposal. I am social working as coordinator. You can reach me 9789088355

Sandeep Goradia said...

Thank you for sharing lots of information. Please send more info & your address on celestialfragrance2013@gmail.com

Anish Remesh said...

I'm very much interested to know about Indian Domestic Cattle breeds.Thanks for yours valuable informations.Congrats....

Venkitesh Iyer said...

Namaste. Great work by you and the team. Right information is the basis to make right decisions. We've to bring in more and more right information about our cows and awareness to be spread. One thing i find not there in the websites which work for protection is that there is no facilitation of the buyer and seller of the cows. The sites generate interest but fail to fulfill those interests. You should become a conduit. It'll become a movement only when more general public participate and raise the cows in their backyard. Please find a way to be a facilitator. Congratulations and thanks a lot for your efforts. May God bless.

jazz wassup said...

I loved the article and more than that the commenst from Shanmugam and Kailash Sharma... We said :D loved ya.... :)

Padmanabhan Ganesan said...

Very useful information. I would like to know whether all the different breeds of cows mentioned in your blog are currently available or not. If they are extinct, can you mention that as well.

I am preparing a comparison of Desi cows Milk Yield. I would like to include all the native cows in that data. This way, people can decide on the breed to have.

Regards
Padmanabhan Ganesan
http://agricultureforeverybody.blogspot.com

Karuppanasamy Samy said...

Great work Great efforts very much appreciable

Ankita Saxena said...

I was looking for articles on best milk in India and I came across yours inspiring read. Great post!

Nithiyanandam A said...

very useful information which helps us to learn and start cattle farms

Kanchi Tamizharasan said...

I am a veterinarian, native of Kanchipuram. your work is very much appreciable. I had some photos and videos of tondai breeds shall i post here

Kanchi Tamizharasan said...

I had photos of tondai breeds your work very much appreciable

balaji r said...

Thanks for u works,, i am just spreading ur message through FB.,..
https://www.facebook.com/Tamil-breeds-480597692110266/?ref=hl

i am a Director said...

nice informative post would you post more about
dairy farming ????
cows are gods for us... we adore them and love them.... can you please mention all the other breeds of cows available in india too?
there is no such article in wikipedia also......
i hear that there are stronger and larger breed of cows in himachal pradesh and benaras...
please do some research and share those information about the breeds of cows that are available in other countries too.

Mani S said...

Nice article. keep sharing!!!
visit my website too for agricultural related information http://agriculturalinformation4u.blogspot.in

Khevna Mehta said...

this is a very informative article. and i am agree with kailash sharma's comment, The quality of Indian cow milk is best milk in India. Start having Indian breed cows milk and stay healthy.

sathish kumar said...

My bulls kombu one side broken during fight with other bulls, any artificial kombu available plse, give the details

saravanan said...

well said , kailash Sharma.. pls save indian breeds, dont encourage foregin breeds , its milk leads to cancer....

Pradeep Palanisamy said...

It is such a pretty useful stuff on net. When my father was in his teens, there were cattles in our home. But now, we dont have one.. Trying to get few.. could you please let us know about possibility of supporting cattle herders, like owning them partly (as the older way), around Salem..???

Kindly leave your valuable comments as reply pls...

emerson said...

Good. Very good.

Siva said...

Thank you very very much,,,,,,

kv_kamath said...

Let us preserve all these Native breeds so that it doesn't become extinct. Thanks for bringing this blog.Similarly all Native breeds of every Indian Republic states must be prepared and published.

Ramanan Kannan said...

Good post.Thank you.It's not too late to start preserving our native cattle breeds.

Yuvaraj Premkumar said...

Hi My Name is Yuvaraj and my native is Murali Village near Anthiyur town, TN but live in US. Just wanted to share some of the info that our breed mayalai kalai and some of the other breeds of cow, I could see those in Gentry Zoo, Arkansa, US. Since I was surprised to see those breeds of Cows in US & not in Tamil Nadu Farms now days. Just keep good work going.

Much respected on your intiatives.

Yuvaraj.

Premggg@yahoo.com

vijay hari said...

great work sir......because of this notes atleast i could able to know the breeds of our land.......definitely tis will be useful in my future farming .....

nedunchezhian raju said...

I register my sincere appreciation for your efforts in writing such an informative article on our indigenous cow breeds. Our people should give importance to preserve our age old animal breeds.

nedunchezhian raju said...

A wonderful effort by the author to reveal very useful information to all about our indigenous cow breeds. My sincere appreciation to you sir.

THAMARISELVAN A said...

The blog is very informative and I like to know which breed cow suites for forming in thiruvanamalai dr pls help me out 9940157740

arun kumar said...

hI,
VERY iMPRESSIVE INFORMATIONSD WITH PHOTO eVIDENCES. caN YOU PLZ ELABORATE IT dEEPLY MAY EASY FOR EVERYONE TO IDENTIFY bREEDS& CONSERVATION

Naveen Raja said...

Sir, I am from chennai. could you say which breed of cow is best for my place and also the place where i can buy the calf. you can also sms me in 9444202928. please help me out.
B. Naveen Raja.

ajay said...

A big salute to u
Arumai arumai arumai

sathyaraj s said...

Hi, Its a great error to recover Nattu Pasu. Really proud of to protect nattu madu. I am interested to buy nattu madu. If any one having nattu maadu please give me a call. :-)
Mobile: 8050699959.

sathyaraj s said...

Very thanks all sharing this info. Mikka Nandri. :-)
Nattu mattenai valarpom. Nooi illa valvom. :-)

Vijay Ramamurthy said...

Good efforts and really appreciable work. I my area people still raise indigenous cow breeds for milk. They produce A2 milk which is good for health. Check this video of native cows in my home town.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O36T_8LoTjs

Unknown said...

Sir,
Greetings of the day to you. Your contribution to this society is awful. I hope it will create a good awareness amongst the cow lovers. I am interested in promoting the native breeds and will soon contact your for your expert advice. My salutations to you..

Thanks and Regards.
C.K.N.Kuppuraajha.
9360666660/8903846490

damo Damodharan said...

dhamu said
super sir,the history and which you the photos are awesome good job

Gilain Macgrath said...

Your blog explaining all the main points very awesomely. Thanks for sharing this knowledgeable post a1 apartments

Peter Selvanayagam said...

Sir,
I find dwarf cattle in Rameswaram island, that manage to drink slightly saline water. What kind are they?

Davon said...

Well researched article.. Thanks. I don't know if we can get this much information in "One go"

Suresh K said...

Informative...

indu said...

Very useful information. Thank you.

Murugan said...

வாழ்த்துக்கள். ஒரு யோசனை: தமிழக மாட்டினங்கள் என்ற பெயர் பொருத்தமாக இருக்கும்; தமிழக மாட்டினங்களின் பெயர் ஹிந்தி எழுத்துக்களில் கூட உள்ளன ஆனால் தமிழ் எழுத்துக்களில் இல்லை. இருந்தால் சரியான் உச்சரிப்புடன் வாசிக்க எளிதாக இருக்கும்.

sundareswaran rp said...

Need Tamilnadu breed cows Watsapp me on 9663397035

Sathish Kumar said...

Ivatrodu andraadam puzhangi vandha naam , indru ivatrai inayathil matumae kaangira nilai!!!
Yeninum umadhu murchikku paaratukkal nanbaa....Vaazhthukkal.